The Neighbourhood and Enlargement: What Does the EU Offer to its Future Members?

Venerdì, 10 Giugno 2022
  • Luogo dell'evento: ORE 9.30 | Aula G
  • Indirizzo: Unicusano, via don Carlo Gnocchi 3 - 00166 - Roma

Relatore: Prof.ssa Lucia Mokrá (“Comenius” University in Bratislava, Slovacchia)

The European Union, as an economic and then political concept within its neighbourhood and enlargement policy, has clearly defined rules and processes. Within the Neighbourhood Policy, the EU works closely with countries that are interested in closer relations, particularly economic relations, but the content of this policy has not been the prospect of EU membership. However, the situation changed quite fundamentally after 24 February 2022, when Russia attacked Ukraine. As a member of the Eastern Partnership, Ukraine has close economic but also political and infrastructural relations with the EU. EU Member States have thus become natural partners, where Ukraine has sought help and support. Following the sustainability of this support and the demonstration of close cooperation, Ukraine, but also other Eastern Partnership countries (Moldova and Georgia), applied for EU membership. What are the legal options for this process? Is it possible, within the framework of the Neighbourhood Policy, to take steps within the current EU legal framework to make the possibility of membership part of it, as in the enlargement policy?
What is the future of neighbourhood and enlargement policy? What limits do the current applications for EU Member States face? Prof. Lucia Mokrá's professional orientation in EU law focuses on the analysis of the possibility of specific procedures, the application of the Copenhagen criteria and compares the other 3 enlargements with the current situation in the Eastern Partnership.